- the Buddha Impulse in the region of Japan
- the Christ Impulse in the region of Sweden,
- the Muslim Impulse in the region of Indonesia.
Over millennia the nature and understanding of spiritual impulses are renewed and expressed by individuals. One such from the German speaking world is Rudolf Steiner (1861 to 1925) who named his spiritual research Anthroposophy (generally understood to mean ‘Divine Wisdom in Mankind’, but which Steiner defines as “consciousness of one’s human nature”).
During 1923 in London, Owen Barfield attended talks by Steiner and realised that what Steiner had discovered clairvoyantly, was in line with what Barfield was discovering by his own philosophical and philological reasoning. Barfield felt that here was a valid method to uncover truth and meaning.
Subsequently Barfield became a founding father of Anthroposophy in the English speaking world.